In the first place, do you know “when do human and dogs started to live together?”
Relics of the interment of human and a dog in the Paleolithic era about 12,000 years ago, was found in Northern Israel.
The bones of human and dogs have been found in all over the world including in Europe, Russia and the continent which later known as America.
Those bones were found mainly in West Asia. Thus it is estimated that the history of human and dogs can be traced from West Asia.
The trigger of the co-existence was that human started to use dogs in hunting. Because the human was not powerful enough in hunting animals as mankind was too fragile. Nonetheless they could use fires.
Thus, the people started to cooperate and live together.
It is also said that dogs were eating leftover meals. Therefore, the bonding between man and dogs were built in the villages.
Also, dogs were used as “protections pet” and food source when people faced with starvation.
Of course, this is back in the ancient era so it is hard to image about it.
Dogs have received foods from human and helped them, so they are both in good relationships.
Thus, the human has tried to tame dogs to fill their needs such as protection, hunting, and employment.
They have been in homage from old time, and they both earn benefits from each other.
Nowadays, the number of dog’s types is over 700 to 800.
In this article, we will classify the dogs by weight and introduce the recommended ones.
There is no standard weight for small, medium, and big digs.
In contrast, there is a way to measure heights of dogs (measuring the height from ground to the back of a dog) yet, we will classify the dogs base on the size. This makes easy for you to read the article.
We categorized them into these groups as show in below.
Let’s check it out according to dogs’ size!
As the name suggests, the dog was made in Italy and is the small version of Greyhound.
In Japan, the dog is called “ITAGURE” as an abbreviation of Italian Greyhound.
In England, it is named as “IG”
Italian Greyhound was bred since B.C.5 as a pet dog for upper class.
In the 1700s, the dog was brought to England and bred crosses with close relatives so the size became smaller than ordinary. It also became suitable for keeping in houses.
Dogs are sensitive so they might avoid you when you gave them any stress.
They are smart and have a high athletic ability. However, they are not very strong to bear with cold and heat.
Thus, you should let them play in the indoor during hot summer and cold winter.
Name: Italian Grey
Life Span: 12~15 years
Hair Color: Red Fawn, Chocolate, Blue Fawn, Yellow, Red, Grey, Fawn, Sable, Blue, Tan, Straight, Grey
Summary for things that you should know when you have “Italian・Greyhound” as a pet is shown in below.
Please read this article if you consider having “Italian・Greyhound” for a pet.
The dog breed was found in Techichi in Mexico.
The city name was used for naming. As Techichi sounds like “Chihuahua”.
The head of Chihuahua is called “Apple Head”, and it is relatively big to its body.
They can distinguish the owners’ voice with their cute ears. Also, they can even understand facial expression of their owners.
They are friendly and not fed to be hugged. So, children and dogs can easily be good friends.
They are not saucy as they are obedient to the owner.
For Chihuahua, the owner is the definite one!
Unlike its appearance, they bark to strangers so we can rely on them when something happens.
Hair Color: Black Chocolate Fawn, Cream, Black and Tan
Amount of exercise: Not so much
Combing: Not so many
Bark: Easy to bark
There is the summary of the things that you should know when you have Chihuahua.
Please read this article if you would like to have Chihuahua as a pet.
Also, for those who want to have “long coat Chihuahua” please read this too.
Since there is a document that says English men brought back Chin Dog from Japan to England in 1700s, it is said that the dogs are originated in Japan.
Matthew Calbraith Perry, who came to Japan in 1853, also brought some dogs back.
Because of the cute appearance and obedient attitude, many people have loved the dog.
In Edo era, Tokugawa Yoshitsune, who is known as the Law Prohibiting Cruelty to Animals, really loved the dog.
Japanese Chin was used to be owned by upper class people such as samurai, however, it became popular among the other class.
In 1870, Japanese Chin was acknowledged by Kennel Club in England.
After the acknowledgment, the name changed from “Japanese Spaniel” to” Japanese Chin.”
The history of the dog as the pet is long so the dog is easy to have and they are very cute.
Name: Japanese Chin
Origin: Japan and China
Personalities: Obedient, Wariness, Catlike, Smart, Friendly, Independent
Hair Color: Sable and White, Tricolor, Red and White, Black and White, Lemon and White
The summary of things you should know when you have “Japanese Chin” is below.
Please read this article if you want to have Japanese Chin for a pet.
Toy poodle is known as water dog in Europe and have worked as hunt dog with high swimming ability.
Toy Puddle is obedient and easy to educate. They enjoy training with fun.
One thing we should be careful is the hair. The dog has curly hair, so we need to comb it very carefully.
Please clean the hair at least once a month so that the dog can be comfortable.
Also, the dog is not suitable for having outside, but it loves playing so, please make enough time and space to play with them as possible.
Name: Toy Poodle
Lifespan: About 16 years
Basic Characteristic: Toy Poodle requires education and training because they are companion dogs who are independent, social active and honest.
Basic Way to Keep: They do not have much-fallen hair, but diligent cutting and combing are required because of the long waving hair.
Height: Toy 20~25cm, Miniature 28~38cm
Head: Lean and Sensitive
Eyes: Dark and Almond shape. Smart and Bright Appearance.
Ears: Long and Hanging. The Hair is also Long.
Body: Natural and Elegant. The move is also lively.
Hair: Long, Stiff, and Flexible. The color is one, and there are many varieties.
Tail: A bit short. They used to be cut off.
The summary of things you should know when you have “Toy Poodle” is below.
Please read this article if you want to have Toy Poodle for a pet.
Toy Manchester Terre has Characteristic black and tan legs.
Manchester is the name of the city in England where is the origin of the dog.
In the old days, Black and Tan Terre were raised to use them as hunting dogs for catching mice.
Thus, they got the name “Terre” which stands for hunting dogs.
To develop the hunting ability, the crossing of Black and Tan Terre with other dogs.
Then Manchester Terre was born.
Toy Manchester, as the word “toy” express, is the small size of Manchester Terre.
Manchester Terre is kind and easy to have among all Terre.
Also, the skinny appearance is similar to Miniature Pinsher .
Name: Toy Manchester Terre
Lifespan: 15~16 years
Characteristic: Careful, Active, Wariness, Dedicated, Smart, Independent
Color: Black and Tan
As its name suggests, the ears that look like butterflies are adorable.
From the old time, the dog has been loved by noble, mainly female.
This dog breed is not very strong because of the weak bones.
If they have hard exercise, they might break their bones, so please be careful.
Also, they are sensitive. Thus, please have some spaces between and do not try to approach too close when you start having them.
Since the body is not strong, it is hard to keep the dog outside.
You should keep it inside the house.
Even though they are susceptible, they are known as the very smart dog, when people research about intelligence for over 300 dog breeds, Papillon ranked in top 10.
Nickname: Continental Toy Spaniel, Butterfly Spaniel, Fawn, Evernew Nan
Lifespan: 13~15 years
The summary of things you should know when you have “Papillon” is below.
Please read this article if you want to have Papillon for the pet.
They have characteristic soft and stiff hair.
“Bichon” means Maltese , and “Frize” means curly hair.
As the name shows, the dog looks like Maltese.
Since the hair is so pretty, you might think it is hard to keep the dog.
However, their hair does not fall off, and they don’t even have much smell.
The size is also small so you can have this dog inside your home.
Moreover, they love playing.
Thus, it is important to take them to a walk and play in the park.
If there are people around you who have dogs, it might be a good idea to hang out with them.
Name: Bichon Frize
Lifespan: 12~15 years
Origin: France, Isla de Tenerife, Canada, Belgim, Spain, Canary Islands
Characteristic: Playful and Sensitive
The summary of things you should know when you have “ Bichon Frize ” is below.
Please read this article if you want to have Toy Bichon Frize for the pet.
This dog is from Belgium.
Similar dogs are Bruxelles Gryps with long brown hair, Belgian Gryps with long black hair and Petit Bula Vanson with short hair inherited from a pug.
The name comes from Brabant in Belgium.
The dog is very calm and it goes its own way.
It is also easy to have because of they are socially active and avoid all fighting.
Also, it does not require a lot of time to exercise, two times 30 minute walking in one day would be enough for them.
They are smart and well educated so you can have them with other animals.
Name: Petit Bula Vanson
Since Queen Victoria in England used to have this dog, it then became popular.
It was named after the city of Pomerania in Germany where the dog was originally born.
Not only Queen Victoria, but also Mozart and Napoleon loved this dog.
Beside pet dog, they are popular as show dog.
The talent is the round baddy and stiff hair.
There might be some people who want to put their faces in the body of Pomeranian.
Their body look like a fur ball, but they cannot stop moving.
They are always active.
Since they are curious and playful, if you like playing and can make enough time to do so, why not welcoming this dog to your family?
Born Year: 1800s
Lifespan: About 15 years
Basic Characteristic: Very Active, Love Socializing, Brave, and Bark a lot
Basic Way to Keep: If you don’t want them to bark, you need to train them as soon as possible. You need to clean their hair carefully and regularly.
Head: Small and Thin Like a Fox
Eyes: Dark and Shiny Oval
Ears: Small and Standing
Body: Solid and Small. Leg Bones are Skinny.
Hair: Straight Surface Hair. They have ornament hair on their shoulders, chest, and tails. The under hair is thick.
Tail: Swing on their back. Covered with fluffy ornament hair.
The summary of things you should know when you have “ Pomeranian ” is below.
Please read this article if you want to welcome Pomeranian to your family.
Maltese was kept from ancient times, and its beautiful white hair like silk is the most attractive character of this dog.
The dog with beautiful white hair had priced for few thousand dollars during the bit in the era of Elizabeth The First.
Also, the dog exists from ancient times and has the 3,000 years of history. The dog is now called aristocracy of dog.
Nowadays the white hair is standard. However, there used to be another hair color.
Both appearance and characteristic of Maltese are beautiful.
They are suave and obedient, and the perfect dog for having them as partners.
Like Yorkshire Terrier , they have both dynamic and sensitive characteristics, so it is sometimes called Maltese Terrier.
Elegant and Smart. They are small but not very active.
I am sure that you will be crazy about that cute appearance.
Origin: Mediterranean Area
Born Year: Ancient Times
Lifespan: About 15 years
Basic Characteristic: Lovely, Kind-Hearted, Small but sometimes actively fawn
Basic Way to Keep the dog: It requires very careful combing and cut. Not much exercise is needed so this is suitable for urban life style.
Head: Round. Muaale is short and thin
Eyes: Black, Big, and Round. Cute Dropping Eyes.
Ears: Covered with very long hair
Body: Small but masculine. Thick Chest.
Hair: Long Pure White. No Underhair.
Tail: Hanging from back but curver because of the weight of the long hair
The summary of things you should know when you have “ Maltese ” is below.
Please read this article if you want to welcome Maltese in your family.
The unique features of this dog are small but flexible and muscular body.
Pinscher means “Terrier” in Germany, so the characteristic is as Pincher is also active.
Even though the body is small, the dog is very brave, and it barks to strangers.
Thus, you can have it as a guard dog.
It was originally made for catching so it is offensive.
You can assume this characteristic from the name, Pinchser which stands for “bite”.
The dog is sensitive so it cannot keep still and moves a lot.
Barking makes an unnecessary bark.
It is offensive to outside world, but not to the owner, so please do not be worried.
Name: Miniature Pinscher
Born Year: 1700s
Lifespan: About 14 years
Basic Characteristic: Cheerful and Active even in old age
Basic Way to Keep: Proper exercise is needed, but not combing is easy
Head: Well-balanced size and shape
Eyes: Dark Color and Almond Shape with lovely shine
Body: Square when we see it from the side. Muscles of the thigh are developed.
Hair: Lustrous, short and hard. Adhere to the body surface.
Tail: Very short. They used to be cut off.
The summary of things you should know when you have “ Miniature Pinscher ” is below.
Please read this article if you want to welcome Miniature Pinscher in your family.
Yorkshire Terrier is beloved and called “Yorke” and “Moving Jewels”.
Yorkshire Terrier is very active in contrast to its gentle appearance.
The dog was originally kept for mouse hunting.
They are very curious and show interests to everything.
Also, they are competitive and have their territory.
If you reach to their territory, they might bark to you.
The hair of Yorkshire Terrier became longer and longer.
The amount of hair is not so much, but you need to comb their hair once in two days.
The hair is very beautiful even people call them “moving jewelry” so please comb it regularly
Name: Yorkshire Terrier
Born Year: 1800s
Lifespan: 14 years
Basic Characteristic: Yorkshire Terrier is active and tough
Head: Small and flat. The muzzle is short. They are covered with long hair.
Eyes: Dark, sound and big with lively brightness
Ears: Clean V shape ears
Body: Well and balanced and small
Hair: Lustrous black straight hair. Head and chest are tans; a body is a steam blue.
Tail: many of them are bob tail
The summary of things you should know when you have “Yorkshier Terrier” is below.
Please read this article if you want to welcome Yorkshire Terrier into your family.